Sometimes known as insectophobia, the fear of insects is properly termed entomophobia. The fear is relatively common, particularly in urban areas where coming into contact with a bug is fairly unusual. Urban dwellers' fears of insects often serve as fodder for situation comedies and reality shows that depict their sudden transition to rural or island life.
Although they are not technically insects, the fear of spiders is the most prevalent form of entomophobia. Other commonly feared bugs include bees, ants, cockroaches and flies. However, many people fear "bugs" in general, reacting in panic to any insect or related creature that crosses their path.
Fear of Contamination
In many cases of entomophobia, the sufferer is afraid of becoming contaminated by insects. Many bugs, such as cockroaches and flies, do carry disease. However, people with contamination phobias take prudent cleanliness to an extreme.
In addition, disgust is a reaction that often causes symptoms of anxiety. A variety of research performed in the 2000s showed that we react more strongly to creatures that we find disgusting than we do to animals that may be more inherently dangerous. Perhaps this is an evolutionary response to our ancestors' misunderstandings of disease prevention.
Fear of Being Bitten
Some people worry that they will be bitten by an insect. Specific worries run the gamut from the fear of pain to the fear of illness. Legitimate allergic reactions, particularly to bee stings and fire ant bites, do exist, as do legitimately venomous insects. The fear of triggering a medical condition is never considered a phobia. However, the vast majority of insect bites or stings cause little more than annoyance, and most fears of being bitten are out of proportion to the risks.
Fear of Infestation
Some people worry about their homes or bodies becoming infested with bugs. According to an article in the Cultural Entomology Digest, people with this fear often bring items that they believe to be bugs to pest control officials. These specimens, gathered around the house, turn out to be bits of lint, scabs or dust, rather than the feared bugs.
In the article, researcher Phillip Weinstein points out that infestation fears may be indicative of delusional thoughts rather than a simple phobia. It is up to the treatment provider to carefully analyze the client's thoughts and behaviors in order to accurately diagnose and treat the issue.
The fear of insects is relatively common, but does not need to take over your life. The fear responds well to a variety of short-term treatment methods. With a bit of hard work, you can beat even the most stubborn entomophobia.
UQ News Online. The University of Queensland. "Researchers unlock snake and spider mystery." March 7, 2008. Retrieved June 29, 2012 from http://www.uq.edu.au/news/index.html?article=14203
Davey, Graham. "Why I Study...Disgust." The Psychologist. 17:6. June 2004.
Weinstein, Phillip. "Insects in Psychiatry." Cultural Entomology Digest. Issue 2. Retrieved June 29, 2012 from http://www.insects.org/ced2/insects_psych.html