1. Health

Chionophobia

Understanding the Fear of Snow

By

Updated December 30, 2012

Snow is a fact of winter life for many people. Some live in regions that regularly receive several feet, while others get only an occasional light dusting, but only a relatively small number never deal with snow at all. Some people love snow, others tolerate it as a nuisance. For some, however, winter weather brings seasonal terror. If you are afraid of snow, you may dread the winter months.

Snow Fears

Like any phobia, the fear of snow is highly personalized. No two people experience snow phobia in precisely the same way. Nonetheless, the vast majority of snow-related fears fall into a handful of common categories.

  • Fear of Injury - Creating snowmen, snowball fights, skiing, sledding, and building snow forts are exceptionally popular winter activities, but they do carry some risk of injury. In addition, snowy conditions are often accompanied by ice, which is slick and potentially dangerous, and sometimes covered by a layer of snow. For those who have medical phobias or a fear of being injured, winter fun may not seem worth the danger. Note that certain medical conditions can increase the risk for injuries. Fears that are rooted in rational considerations are never considered phobias.

  • Fear of Illness - Remember that old playground advice, "don't eat the yellow snow"? Although pure, new-fallen snow is relatively safe and clean, snow that has sat on the ground may be contaminated with bodily fluids, chemicals and numerous other hazards. The risks are minimal, particularly for those who do not make a habit of eating old snow. For those with germ phobia or hypochondriasis, however, even the slight risks associated with snow may be too much to bear.

  • Fear of Water - Of course, snow is simply frozen water. While most of us consume and use water in a variety of ways on a daily basis, aquaphobia, or the fear of water, is surprisingly common. In extreme cases, aquaphobia can even lead to a fear of bathing, so it is likely that a fear of water could also lead to a fear of snow.

  • Fear of Being Trapped - Avalanches, unstable snow forts, and thin ice are just a few of the potential hazards of winter activities. Most people take precautions to guard against becoming seriously trapped by snow or ice, but for some people, the concept of being trapped is a major phobia trigger. For people with a strong phobia of being trapped, even the slight sinking feeling of walking through a light layer of snow may be enough to induce a panic attack.

  • Fear of Severe Weather - The fear of snow is often, although not always, associated with a more generalized weather-related phobia. Lilapsophobia is the fear of severe weather events, while astraphobia is the fear of more run of the mill storms. Although snowfall is not generally affiliated with thunder and lightning, these events may certainly occur. For those with a fear of weather-related phenomena, even the possibility of a severe storm may be enough to trigger a phobic reaction.

  • Fear of Cold - Hypothermia and frostbite are very real conditions that, if not properly treated, may lead to serious injury or even death. However, they are relatively rare in the modern world except during emergency situations. Particularly in colder climates, clothing, blankets and emergency heat supplies are readily available and adequate for the prevailing local conditions. Nonetheless, some people have a specific phobia of being cold. Known as cryophobia, the fear of cold can be paralyzing, inducing sufferers to remain indoors even at great personal cost to relationships and obligations.

  • Fear of Driving - Winter driving is often tricky and potentially hazardous. Caution is prudent, and most people develop winter driving habits that minimize the risks. For those with a pre-existing fear of driving, however, driving in winter weather may seem impossible. In addition, some people with no fear of driving in mild weather develop a specific phobia of winter driving.

Chionophobia Symptoms

Like all phobias, the fear of snow may cause a variety of symptoms. Paying undue attention to weather reports, refusing to leave home during snowy weather, and experiencing panic attacks are extremely common. If you must contend with snow, you might cry, scream, freeze up or attempt to run away.

Coping With Chionophobia

The best methods for coping with the fear of snow depend on the severity and the level of impact that your fear has on your life. Some people find that becoming educated about different types of snow and their effects on local conditions can calm their fears. Others find that gradual exposure to winter activities is calming. If your fear is severe or life-limiting, however, seek the guidance of a trained mental health professional. Winter weather is a fact of life, but with proper assistance and hard work, there is no reason for it to seriously curtail your enjoyment of the season.

Source:

American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

  1. About.com
  2. Health
  3. Phobias
  4. Introduction to Phobias
  5. Phobias A-H
  6. Chionophobia - Understanding the Fear of Snow

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.

We comply with the HONcode standard
for trustworthy health
information: verify here.